1. French oak barrels: The raw material of French oak barrels is a plant called Cornish oak. The French government has been carefully managing and monitoring the oak forests of the country. Many forest producing areas have 100-year-old oaks of this type, including Limousin, Troncais, Nevers, Alliers, and Vosges. . Each of these producing areas can harvest a specific type of oak. French oak barrels are more expensive to make, about $500 each.
2. Hungarian oak barrels: There are two main species used to make Hungarian oak barrels, namely Quercus Robur and Quercus Petraea. The wooden barrels used for wine ripening are made from these two oak materials. Hungarian oak barrels are slightly different from American or French oak barrels. Compared with the other two oak barrels, this type of oak barrel is more round and fatter. The oak used to make Hungarian oak barrels must be at least 100 years old before being officially used, and should be naturally dried for more than 3 years. Hungarian oak barrels offer similar flavor characteristics to French oak barrels, but they are cheaper in terms of price and cost around $300 each.
3, American oak barrels: American white oak is generally grown in Virginia, Missouri, Kentucky, Oregon, and Ohio. Oak harvesters typically pick and store oaks and dry them for a full year before they are officially made into oak barrels. The cost of American oak barrels is generally lower, and each oak barrel is typically between $200 and $400. These oak barrels usually have a thicker texture and contain more tannins. It is generally believed that American oak barrels have a greater impact on wine flavor and aroma.https://www.fhpails.com/